Sappan wood (also known as sappanwood, Caesalpinia sappan, sapanwood, sapang, sepang) is commonly found in the southeast Asian countries.
Sappan is known for producing a reddish color dye, a compound known as brazilin or brazilein, which has been used to dye fabric and even color liquor. Sappan has long been used in Chinese medicines for treating a variety of immune-mediated pathology and inflammatory disease due to its interesting immunosuppressive qualities. The anti-inflammatory properties has been isolated to the compound brazilin. Extract of sappan and brazilin have shown to protect against cellular oxidative damage and thus, encourage proper cellular function. Sappan shows antimicrobial resistance to staphylococcus Aureus and its more difficult to treat strain, methicillin-resistant staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA). Others studies have shown sappan to be an anti-arthritic, specifically protecting against collagen-related arthritis. Internally, sappan is typically given to treat diarrhea, dysentery, hematemesis.
Interestingly, the sappan wood is used for firewood, as well as for furniture and musical instruments.
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